What is the Definition of a Myopic Eye?

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Nowadays most humans are facing trouble with vision. They may experience nearsightedness, farsightedness and many other problems related to the eyes. The reasons for vision-related issues are unhealthy diet plans, lack of vitamin A and spending more time on the screens. Most of the People, especially senior citizens, are suffering from Myopia.

 

What is the definition of Myopia? 

The common name for Myopia is nearsightedness. It is a refractive error of the eye. In this condition, people see the close objects clearly but are unable to see the distant objects clearly. The eyeball becomes too long, and the cornea from the front part of the eye gets affected in this situation. As a result, light enters the eye and focuses on the retina instead of directly on it. There are several treatment plans for myopic eyes like eyeglasses, Contact lenses and refractive surgeries. 

 

Different types of treatment for the myopic eyes. 

Several treatment plans are beneficial for the treatment of myopic eye. 

 

Glasses: Glasses provide a quick and effective solution to treat the correcting Myopia. Eyeglasses change the angle at which the light hits the retina, which is useful for the correction of the refractive error while the glasses are worn out. This type of treatment option for myopic eye is ideal. 

 

Contact lenses: It is a type of vision test the same as the type used for eyeglasses that happens to produce a prescription for them as contact lenses. It also works in the same way as glasses, by altering the direction that the light enters the eye.They are also a lot thinner than glasses as they sit much closer to the cornea. There are two types of daily contact lenses available:

  • Soft lenses form easily to the shape of the eye, and they are soft, flexible plastic material. Soft lenses cover the pupil, iris, and part of the white of the eye. Some soft lenses need disposal after just one day of use, while others last a few weeks.
  • Rigid lenses are smaller than soft lenses and cover the pupil and the iris. Rigid contact lenses are made of thin, rigid plastic. You will need to remove most rigid lenses needed at night. However, extended-wear rigid lenses do exist, and these can be worn both during the day and when asleep.

 

Implanted contact: In this treatment, the lens is placed inside the eye. The best doctors at the best Eye Hospital In Punjab use the intraocular lens for vision. Aphakic intraocular lens is not a tiny fit in the eye between the iris and the eye’s natural lens. The lens is installed between the cornea and the iris and is known as an ICL. These lenses can be removed at any time by an Ophthalmic surgeon if required.

 

Overnight contacts: Orthokeratology is the special lenses that are helpful for reshaping the cornea of the eye, which corrects mild to moderate Myopia. These lenses are different from normal lenses because they are worn only at night and when it is removed, the vision is enhanced in the form of the corrected cornea shape. The lenses need to be worn each night to provide continuous corrected daytime vision. 

 

KAMRA Inlay

The KAMRA Inlay is a mini ring-shaped contact lens with an opening in the center. It sits on the cornea, and the small opening in the middle (known as a pinhole) allows only light that focuses on entering your eye. The lens is intended for one eye only so that between the two, constant nearsighted and farsighted vision is available at all times.

 

Corrective Eye Surgery

While glasses and contact lenses can provide relief when worn, and in the case of Ortho-k relief for the day, neither option provides a long-term permanent solution. The only permanent treatment option for Myopia is refractive surgery. Options include:

  • LASIK surgery: The LASIK surgery stands for laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis and is an eye surgery that corrects Myopia and other refractive errors. The operation involves cutting a flap from the front of the cornea to alter its shape, which adjusts the way in which the light hits the retina.
  • Photorefractive keratectomy:  It is less invasive but makes the same correction to the same part of the eye as LASIK but does so directly on the eye surface.

Eye problems are very common in this era. A survey declares that almost 70% of the world’s population is suffering from eye problems. The Hospital of the Eye is known for the Lasik eye surgery in Jalandhar.

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